We all experience mood swings. One day we feel happy, the other we might feel irritable and frustrated. However, people with bipolar disorder experience severe mood swings that impair their daily life and negatively affect their relationships. Individuals with bipolar disorder suffer from mood swings. Depressive periods are experienced as, depression, whereas when their mood swings, the individual feels euphoric and on top of the world.
Facts about Bipolar Disorder
- It used to be known as manic-depressive illness.
- It is an episodic illness. In between episodes of bipolar mania and/or depression, there will usually be periods of stable or “normal” moods and wellness.
- The usual age of onset is late teens to early twenties.
- It must be controlled by mood stabilising medication. This is one of the most unpalatable but important bipolar disorder facts.
- Despite being a life-long illness, it is very manageable.
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
- Depressed mood and low self-esteem;
- Excessive crying spells;
- Low energy levels and an apathetic view of life;
- Sadness, loneliness, helplessness, feelings of guilt;
- Slow speech, fatigue, and poor coordination and concentration;
- Insomnia or oversleeping;
- Thoughts of suicide or dying;
- Changes in appetite (overeating/not eating);
- Unexplainable body aches and pains;
- Lack of interest or pleasure in usual activities.